4862 E Baseline Rd Suite 108, Mesa, AZ 85206    Phone (480) 981-2405    info@giamrehab.com

 

Helping a Family Member or a Friend

HOW YOU CAN HELP FRIENDS OR FAMILY MEMBERS WHO ARE ADDICTED TO DRUGS

WHAT IS A DRUG ADDICTION? SIGNS & SYMPTOMS

Definition of Addiction by American Society of Addiction Medicine

Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors.

Addiction is characterized by inability to consistently abstain, impairment in behavioral control, craving, diminished recognition of significant problems with one’s behaviors and interpersonal relationships, and a dysfunctional emotional response. Like other chronic diseases, addiction often involves cycles of relapse and remission. Without treatment or engagement in recovery activities, addiction is progressive and can result in disability or premature death.

DSM V CRITERIA FOR SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER

  1. Use in larger amounts/longer periods than intended
  2. Unsuccessful efforts to cut down
  3. Excessive time spent taking drug
  4. Failure to fulfill major obligations
  5. Continued use despite knowledge of problems
  6. Important activities given up
  7. Recurrent use in physically hazardous situations
  8. Continued use despite social or interpersonal problems
  9. Tolerance as defined by either a need for markedly increased amounts to achieve intoxication or desired effect or markedly diminished effect with continued use of the same amount.
  10. Withdrawal manifesting as either characteristic syndrome or the substance is used to avoid withdrawal
  11. Craving or a strong desire to use

The Severity of each Substance Use Disorder is based on:

  • 0 to 1 criteria: No diagnosis
  • 2 to 3 criteria: Mild
  • 4 to 5 criteria: Moderate
  • 6 or more criteria: Severe

If you or someone you care about needs help please call our office 480-981-2405 to find out treatment options we provide

  4862 E Baseline Rd Suite 108, Mesa, AZ 85206    Phone (480) 981-2405